End of an era: Farewell to Super Formula’s SF14

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End of an era: Farewell to Super Formula’s SF14
Jamie Klein
By: Jamie Klein
Oct 30, 2018, 8:12 AM

Last weekend’s Super Formula season finale in Suzuka not only provided a thrilling climax to the 2018 season, it also marked the end of an era for the Japanese series, as Jamie Klein explains.

After five seasons and 39 races of loyal service, one of the fastest spec racing cars anywhere in the world, the Dallara SF14, has gone into retirement.

Introduced, as the name suggests, in 2014 to replace the previous Swift-produced FN09 model, the SF14 has earned rave reviews from just about every driver who’s been fortunate enough to race it in Super Formula, including no small number of European aces.

Weighing just 660kg including the driver – making it 70kg lighter than the current breed of Formula 1 cars – and boasting 550bhp (rising to 600bhp when the push-to-pass system is activated) from a two-litre turbocharged Honda or Toyota engine, the SF14 is capable of seriously quick laptimes.

Indeed, before F1’s speeds were dramatically upped in 2017 as part of its rules overhaul to lower laptimes, the SF14 wouldn’t have disgraced itself on a grand prix racing grid.

It was fitting that the machine’s final race on Sunday was a proper nailbiter, with a two-way title fight going down to the very last lap. Its successor, the SF19, certainly has a tough act to follow.

Koudai Tsukakoshi, Real Racing, Nobuharu Matsushita, Dandelion Racing

Koudai Tsukakoshi, Real Racing, Nobuharu Matsushita, Dandelion Racing

Photo by: Masahide Kamio

Nick Cassidy, who lost out on the championship by the smallest of margins to Naoki Yamamoto at Suzuka, reflected on his first time trying out the SF14 last year, when he joined the Kondo Racing team fresh from a season in European Formula 3 with Prema.

“For me it was really amazing, because I actually jumped to this from F3, so I hadn’t tested World Series [Formula Renault 3.5] or GP2, it was quite a big step,” Cassidy recalled.

“I think if you come from GP2, it’s fairly similar, you just have to adapt your driving style. But for me it was a welcome to F1-kind of speeds. So that was pretty cool.

“You quickly get used to it, and you take it for granted how fast it is, because when you go back and drive something else, nothing feels special anymore.”

So, what makes the SF14 such a great car to drive? James Rossiter, who has raced on-and-off in both Super Formula and Japan’s other top series, Super GT, since 2013, says he relishes the challenge of extracting the most from a car with a relatively narrow working range.

“It’s a difficult car to drive for sure,” the Briton told Motorsport.com. “It’s got such good downforce. It’s a fun car to drive, good grip when it’s working. It’s difficult to get in the window to make it work, it’s also rewarding when you get it there.

“It’s just challenging, I think. Also the level of racing here in Japan, so if you miss a tiny bit [of laptime], it looks really bad. You have to always be on top of your game in this car to make it work.”

Atmosphere in the pitlane

Atmosphere in the pitlane

Photo by: Toyota

Former Jordan and HRT F1 driver Narain Karthikeyan, who has been a consistent presence in the Super Formula paddock since 2014 and is part of an exclusive club of five drivers to have started every race of the SF14 era, concurs with Rossiter’s assessment.

The Indian said: “For what it is, it’s an incredibly quick car. The way it drives, with so much downforce and the soft tyres on a qualifying lap, it’s pretty amazing.

“You’re pulling 3-4G in qualifying at Suzuka in the Esses, when the wind is right, it’s awesome.”

As F1 fans have discovered all over again these past two years, high downforce makes for quick laps and happy drivers (at least in qualifying), but it does make following cars ahead closely challenging, and this is no different in Super Formula.

But Rossiter points out the problem worsened when the category switched tyre suppliers in 2016, when Yokohama usurped incumbent Bridgestone.

“When we switched from Bridgestone to Yokohama, we lost the ability to run close,” he said. “We could run close to each other with the Bridgestone, because the tyre worked with less load.

“But the Yokohama always needs a high load, so if you miss the load a little bit it’s super-difficult.”

Tom Dillmann, who replaced the injured Pietro Fittipaldi in Super Formula for most of the year, added: “This tyre is very capricious if you lose downforce. You can lose a lot of laptime.

“They are a really fast tyre, but if you are in dirty air you lose massively. Managing to have free air is key. You can have the right strategy, but if you have two guys in front on the same strategy going slower, it’s not going to work. You need a bit of luck as well.”

Nirei Fukuzumi, Team Mugen

Nirei Fukuzumi, Team Mugen

Photo by: Jun Goto

The other thing that sets apart from the SF14 from, say, its counterparts in championships like F2 or the now-defunct Formula Renault 3.5 category, is the number of variables on the car.

Besides the obvious differentiator of engine type – something Cassidy felt worked against him after losing the championship on Sunday – teams are free to use their own dampers, flaps and gurneys, among other things, creating more ways for teams to find an edge.

“You can do quite a lot [on the car] it’s not like F2 where everything is fixed,” commented Dillmann. “It’s a bit like old-school F3. It’s cool, but it creates more gaps between the teams.”

As mentioned before, the SF14 will be replaced by the new SF19 next season. Demonstrated by Takuma Sato and Kazuki Nakajima publicly at Suzuka on Sunday, the new car, which features a greater focus on underbody aerodynamics, has already been sampled by several other drivers in private.

“The SF19 also seems like a super-fun car,” said Rossiter of his experience. “The aero characteristics are quite different. Mechanically it’s similar, but aero-wise quite different. It might be able to run closer [to the car ahead], the SF19 should counterbalance that.”

Karthikeyan, who has also tried out the SF19, reckons that the new machine could carve a sizable chunk of out the current deficit in laptimes to F1.

“It has a slightly shorter wheelbase, which makes the car twitchy, but it has more downforce which compensates for that,” he commented. “The halo makes the weight a little bit higher, but still at Suzuka it could be 1.5 to two seconds a lap faster [than the SF14].”

Assuming Karthikeyan’s estimate is on the money, that would bring the SF19’s laptimes to the cusp of the 107% cut-off for this year’s Japanese Grand Prix.

And while such numbers shouldn’t be the sole measure by which to judge a racing series, higher speeds – and hopefully closer racing to boot – can only help attract more top drivers and international attention to the championship in the SF19 era.

Fingers crossed it's as exciting a chapter as the one that closed last weekend.

SF14 roll of honour (2014-18):

Most race wins Most starts
Germany Andre Lotterer 6 Japan Hiroaki Ishiura 39
Japan Hiroaki Ishiura 5 (Two titles) Japan Yuji Kunimoto 39
Japan Naoki Yamamoto 5 (One title) Japan Naoki Yamamoto 39
Brazil Joao Paulo de Oliveira 5 Japan Tomoki Nojiri 39
Japan Yuhi Sekiguchi 5 India Narain Karthikeyan 39
Japan Kazuki Nakajima 4 (One title) Japan Koudai Tsukakoshi 38
Japan Yuji Kunimoto 2 (One title) Japan Kazuki Nakajima 37
Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne 2 Japan Takuya Izawa 33
France Pierre Gasly 2 Japan Takashi Kogure 33
France Loic Duval 1 Germany Andre Lotterer 32
Japan Tomoki Nojiri 1 United Kingdom James Rossiter 32
New Zealand Nick Cassidy 1 Japan Daisuke Nakajima 32
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Series Super Formula
Author Jamie Klein
Article type Commentary