The difficulties in making Red Bull Ring safer for MotoGP

Safety at the Red Bull Ring has been called into question again for MotoGP after last weekend’s huge accident between Franco Morbidelli and Johann Zarco.

The difficulties in making Red Bull Ring safer for MotoGP

The pair collided at the fast Turn 2 kink under braking for the uphill Turn 3 right-hander, with Zarco moving off-line and leaving Morbidelli with nowhere to go but into to the back of the Avintia Ducati at close to 200mph.

Zarco’s bike slammed into the air fence on the outside of Turn 3 and vaulted into the air, with the bike close to hitting Maverick Vinales’ head.

At the same moment, Morbidelli’s errant Petronas Yamaha slid straight up the track and only narrowly avoided wiping out Vinales and Valentino Rossi.

In response to two MotoGP bikes becoming essentially multi-million dollar bowling balls, MotoGP has moved to make safety changes at Turn 3 to at least not tempt fate again.

The barrier Zarco’s bike hit has now being extended further round the edge of the track at the top of the hill.

Over the past week, social media has been awash with comments on the nature of that section of track, with many questioning why only now a barrier is being put between riders at Turn 3 and potential disaster coming up the hill.

Footage of the 2002 crash during the Formula 1 Austrian Grand Prix when the track was known as the A1 Ring, in which Nick Heidfeld dropped his Sauber under braking for what was then Turn 2 and torpedoing Takuma Sato’s Jordan.

Both incidents are strikingly similar, from where the incident was triggered to the path the out of control machines travelled into unsighted oncoming traffic at the hairpin turn, and rightfully people have questioned why lessons were never learned from something that happened 18 years ago at a track that is basically unchanged in layout.

But extending the barrier would have caused its own problems for F1, in that an off at that point would have still resulted in a violent barrier impact

For bikes, that same risk exists, as LCR’s Cal Crutchlow explained last week.

"If you put a catch fence there, if you extend that catch fence, what happens if you run off track? The place is not safe.

"Unfortunately, there's no way around [the Turn 3 problem] because the riders would say [if] you extend that there and you make a mistake... imagine in the wet?

"Just running off the track there or something like that and you're alone in the practice, you can potentially go across the grass, go straight, whatever.

"But if you put something there you ride straight into it. We're in a no-win situation unfortunately in regards to that.”

Work on Turn 3

Work on Turn 3

Photo by: Gold and Goose / Motorsport Images

Now the barrier has been extended, Crutchlow’s fears may well be realised, but in the limited time the track and MotoGP had to implement changes, there was no avoiding it.

“As you approach [Turns] two and three on the right-hand side, the barrier, I don't know what you want to call it… they've extended that bit and they will put air fencing in front of [it],” Crutchlow told Motorsport.com when asked for his views on the new barrier.

“I was on the track today riding my bicycle, so I was able to see it first-hand where it's going to.

“It blocks your vision a little bit in the last part of the corner to tip in, but it's safer than what we had last week in an extent of there was no barrier there, it stopped at a certain point where they've extended it as much as they can in in the safest way possible for this grand prix here.

“But I still believe that corner needs to be changed."

Read Also:

Extending the barrier at Turn 3 is a temporary solution, but it doesn’t address the real problem, which is the approach to the corner.

While Turn 2 won’t even register for an F1 driver, it is a seriously scary corner for MotoGP, with the approach touching 200mph when riders are having to brake with the bike at lean angle on the left side.

“You cannot imagine how difficult it is to do this corner at 300km/h, with a lot of downforce because of the winds, with many bikes in front of you,” Aprilia’s Aleix Espargaro said of Turn 2.

“Every time you move from behind other riders, you have downforce, no downforce, downforce - the front is shaking, sometimes you have no brakes. It’s very, very difficult.”

And as we saw last Sunday, when it goes wrong at that corner, the results are horrifying.

“We will have to discuss it tomorrow in the Safety Commission, because apparently with the performance that MotoGP [bikes] are reaching lately, that corner and that area, that part of the track is becoming more and more dangerous,” Morbidelli said when asked by Motorsport.com for his thoughts on what has to change at Turn 2.

During the week, doctored images of a potential track layout solution showing Turn 2 becoming a more pronounced corner – which would scrub off speed coming into Turn 3 – and Turn 3 a more open and longer bend.

The logistical and cost issues of doing something like that aside, altering the layout of Turn 3, where the approach would be slower but the exit quicker, would simply create another safety issue down at Turn 4.

When asked by Motorsport.com about changing the layout of Turn 3, Crutchlow cautioned that MotoGP cannot gain anymore speed on the run to Turn 4 because it’s where “we all have braking problems”.

Indeed, last week his LCR teammate Takaaki Nakagami battled brake issues in the race, while Fabio Quartararo suffered issues with his brakes which left him last for the restart.

“I think we need to slow the speed down earlier, do something different, but one of the key things here is we cannot make the exit any faster,” Crutchlow warned.

“Because Turn 4 is where we all have braking problems, where the heat of the brakes is a problem.

“So, going down that hill, there's quite a steep downhill as well, we don't want to be going there any faster than what we're going now.

“We're absolutely on the limit of stopping and with brake temperatures, with the tyres, the bikes and the riders. We’re on limit.

“So we don't want to push the limit anymore just because they’ve altered Turn 3.

“It's a very difficult one, and I'm sure it will be discussed and I think Loris [Capirossi, MotoGP safety officer] and the guys understand, but it's not as easy as just saying, ‘okay, let's do this’.

“I think they have to look at the consequences for Turn 4 as well. And obviously they're not the only ones to make the decision.

Since it returned to the MotoGP calendar in 2016, safety issues have always been raised about the Red Bull Ring, with Turns 2 and 3 a constant point of concern as well the positioning of some of the barriers.

While alterations have been made to some of the problem areas, the real critical point remains, and last Sunday’s Austrian Grand Prix incidents were a startling reminder of the dangers still present in motorsport.

Altering the layout of Turns 2 and 3 appear now to be a must, but doing so in such a way that won’t simply shift the danger to another part of the track will take some doing.

It could be argued that perhaps Red Bull Ring shouldn’t be on the calendar at all, but with the considerable backing Red Bull puts into the event and the new factor of legitimate Austrian success in the premier class courtesy of KTM, it’s hard to see the circuit losing its place on the calendar anytime soon.

But that hasn’t stopped MotoGP promoters Dorna Sports before from enforcing change on a venue when track safety is concerned, with Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya following Luis Salom’s tragic death and Silverstone after its poor asphalt caused the cancellation of the 2018 British GP.

Turn 3 overview

Turn 3 overview

Photo by: Gold and Goose / Motorsport Images

shares
comments
Styria MotoGP: Miller leads Ducati 1-2 in FP1

Previous article

Styria MotoGP: Miller leads Ducati 1-2 in FP1

Next article

Avintia: Brno clash set precedent for Zarco penalty

Avintia: Brno clash set precedent for Zarco penalty
Load comments

About this article

Series MotoGP
Event Styrian GP
Author Lewis Duncan
The hurdles Marquez faces next in his Portugal MotoGP return Prime

The hurdles Marquez faces next in his Portugal MotoGP return

Even by Marc Marquez’s own high standards, his MotoGP comeback on Friday at the Portuguese Grand Prix will be considered a success even if he didn’t top the times. But having shown competitive pace on his first day back, both Marquez and his rivals know plenty more challenges are to come...

Where does Espargaro sit ahead of Marquez's return? Prime

Where does Espargaro sit ahead of Marquez's return?

Pol Espargaro’s first results as a Honda MotoGP rider may not appear special. But dig a little deeper and a clearer picture of his performance emerges. And, as Lewis Duncan writes, it’s cause for celebration at Honda with the return of Marc Marquez set to provide Espargaro with the reference he has been missing so far this year

MotoGP
Apr 12, 2021
The "pit bull" MotoGP rookie already drawing legendary comparisons Prime

The "pit bull" MotoGP rookie already drawing legendary comparisons

MotoGP’s 2021 rookie crop is one of the strongest in recent years, but one is already standing out. Jorge Martin’s Doha GP heroics have courted many to compare him to numerous MotoGP legends. Autosport spoke to Pramac boss Francesco Guidotti to find out why MotoGP’s latest Spanish star is already making such an impact

MotoGP
Apr 9, 2021
Why MotoGP's stewards must revisit Miller and Mir's Losail clash Prime

Why MotoGP's stewards must revisit Miller and Mir's Losail clash

Despite Suzuki’s decision not to appeal against Race Direction’s refusal to penalise Jack Miller following the incident with Joan Mir in Losail, something must be done to avoid a repeat of such an incident, which could have easily ended in tragedy

MotoGP
Apr 6, 2021
Why MotoGP’s top gun looks more dangerous at the Doha GP Prime

Why MotoGP’s top gun looks more dangerous at the Doha GP

Lightning hasn't struck twice for Maverick Vinales since 2017 and his wayward form of recent years makes predicting how he'll fare each MotoGP race weekend tricky. But fresh from his Qatar GP win, Vinales looks like an even more dangerous prospect for the Doha GP following an intriguing Friday practice.

MotoGP
Apr 3, 2021
Why MotoGP’s new Amazon Prime series is long overdue Prime

Why MotoGP’s new Amazon Prime series is long overdue

OPINION: MotoGP is getting its own version of Drive to Survive on Amazon Prime at some point in the near future. It was news welcomed by the grid’s leading riders. And following the impact DTS has had on Formula 1, MotoGP desperately needs the same boost.

MotoGP
Mar 31, 2021
The key changes behind the latest 'return of the Mack' Prime

The key changes behind the latest 'return of the Mack'

Maverick Vinales’s authoritative victory at the MotoGP season opener came during a period of personal and professional change for the Yamaha rider. Can it be the springboard for a title challenge?

MotoGP
Mar 29, 2021
Why Lorenzo needs to ditch social media and enjoy retirement Prime

Why Lorenzo needs to ditch social media and enjoy retirement

OPINION: Jorge Lorenzo's status as one of the greatest MotoGP riders of all time is hard to dispute. But his constant social media spats with fellow riders and insistence on listing his achievements to his detractors are running the risk of tarnishing a legacy he worked hard to create.

MotoGP
Mar 20, 2021