General Autosport Frequently Asked Questions

Archive-name: autos/sport/addresses Posting-Frequency: monthly Last-modified: 24th June 1994 Version: 1.0 This will be posted monthly to and to news.answers. It answers some of the most frequently asked questions (FAQs) in ...

Archive-name: autos/sport/addresses Posting-Frequency: monthly Last-modified: 24th June 1994 Version: 1.0

This will be posted monthly to and to news.answers. It answers some of the most frequently asked questions (FAQs) in as well as some others which perhaps _should_ be asked.

The latest version of the FAQ should be available for anonymous ftp at (138-38.24.19) as file /pub/ or at ( as pub/usenet-by-hierarchy/rec/answers/autos/sport/addresses. If you only have electronic mail, the FAQ can be retrieved from

For information on how to use FTP, send e-mail to with with no subject line. In the body of the mail, put: send usenet/news.answers/finding-sources

Whilst some care has been taken in the preparation of this FAQ, a few errors may have slipped through the net (no pun intended). Please send any corrections or additions to


14-1 Who is the greatest driver of all time ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Gilles Villeneuve (IMHO).

Anyone can have an opinion on the greatest driver of all time. Unfortunately we'll never know just who is correct. The "great" drivers have never all raced each other in similar cars with each at the peak of their careers.

We can say who has won the most races and the most championships. However, some of the "great" drivers have not been particularly successful. Stirling Moss being the classic example of a driver who failed to win the F1 championship after driving for some second rate teams. Comparisons of drivers between different eras of motor racing are even more open to question. There are so many changes both in technical developments for the cars and circuits, and the differing numbers of competitive cars and drivers through the years.

Try to ignore obvious flame-bait. You're unlikely to persuade anyone that they are wrong by shouting at them. If you want to try, please do it in alt.flame. Whats much more interesting for people to read are the reasons why you like your favourite driver. Tell some anecdotes about their greatest moments. What makes them special ?

14-2 Which is the best racing series ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This is another topic that has been thrashed to death. You are just as unlikely to persuade anyone that they are wrong by shouting at them. Whats much more interesting for people to read are the reasons why you like your favourite series. What makes it special ?

+++ Safety features at race tracks (crashing into walls, sand traps etc) +++ Safety features of cars (High modulus carbon, methanol, roll cages, crushable zones) +++ How to get started in Motorsport +++ Improving media coverage of motorsport

14-3 Murray Walker (aka Muddly Talker) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Murray Walker is the commentator for the much of the BBC's motorsports coverage including F1 and the BTCC. He is a motorsports _enthusiast_. He is also prone to spouting rubbish in the heat of the moment in spite of his vast experience of commentating for Grand Prix racing. He's a nice bloke too.

"He's obviously gone in for a wheel change. I say obviously because I can't see it"

"With half the race gone, there is half the race still to go"

"Do my eyes deceive me, or is Senna's Lotus sounding rough ?"

"Anything happens in Grand Prix racing and it usually does"

"Alboreto has dropped back up to fifth place"

"As you look at the first four, the significant thing is that Alboreto is 5th"

"I can't imagine what kind of problem Senna has. I imagine it must be some sort of grip problem"

"He is shedding buckets of adrenalin in that car"

"It's raining and the track is wet"

"And theres just a few more corners for Nigel Mansell to go to win the Canadian Grand Prix...and...he's going rather slow....HE'S STOPPING HE'S STOPPING!"

"and this is the third placed car about to lap the second placed car"

"they say clothes maketh the man... the clothes are Niki Laudas, but the contents are me..." as Murray prepares to take a drive in a F1 car." [He gets a total distance of... oh, 1 foot before he stalls it.]

[During a F1 race, describing how the leader can see the driver following him] "... Mansell can see him in his earphone..."

"So Bernie [Ecclestone], in the seventeen years since you bought McLaren, which of your many achievements do you think was the most memorable ?" Bernie Answers, "Well I don't remember buying McLaren." [Bernie Ecclestone used to own the Brabham team].

Murrary: "What's that? There's a BODY on the track!!!" James: "Um, I think that that is a piece of BODY-WORK, from someone's car."

Murray: There's a fiery glow coming from the back of the Ferrari James: No Murray, that's his rear safety light

As an introductory piece for a rallysprint race, Murray was put in the Navigator's seat alongside Tony Pond in a Chevette HSR (270 BHP, rwd, and TWITCHY), added an in-car camera, and wired Murray for sound. The result can be deduced by extrapolating his usual excitement and enthusiasm, and adding a large pinch of raw terror! "And there's a 600 foot drop on my left..AND we're doing 120 mph... AND we're approaching a hairpin...OH MY GOD we're going to die..."

[after a post race interview where Mansell won the French(?) GP] Murray : "How did you get that nasty bumb on your head Nigel?" [Nigel leans forward to show the camera as Murray pokes it with his finger !] Nigel: "OWCH!!"

14-4 Where are there any Motorsport GIFs and JPEGs ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ /graphics/gif/racing

Corel Professional Photos (USA 1-800-836-3729) sell a CDROM with 100 Photo CD racing photographs. They are royalty-free and cover F1, sportscars etc

14-5 Which are good races to spectate at ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Spectators guides for the British GP at Silverstone, the Belgian GP at Spa, and the Italian GP at Monza are available for anonymous ftp at: (138-38.24.19): /pub/auto/f1/silverstone-spectators-guide /pub/auto/f1/monza-spectators-guide /pub/auto/f1/spa-spectators-guide

14-6 Where can I get tickets for races ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ San Marino GP, May 1st 1994 SAGIS, Via Calori 9/D, 40122 Bologna, Italy. Tel Italy (39) 51 52 20 75, Fax Italy (39) 51 52 20 85. Friday Saturday Sunday General Admission (adult) L25,000 L30,000 L45,000 General Admission (child + soldiers) L15,000 L20,000 L30,000 Tribuna Fiat (A) L50,000 L80,000 L350,000 Tribuna Pirelli (B) L40,000 L50,000 L250,000 Tribuna G. Villeneuve (C) ------ ------ L180,000 Tribuna E. De Angelis (D) ------ ------ L200,000 Tribuna T. Nuvolari (G) ------ ------ L150,000 Tribuna Nuova Copma (H) ------ ------ L160,000 Tribuna Marlboro (I) ------ L50,000 L220,000 Tribuna Agip Petroli (L) ------ ------ L180,000 Tribuna C. Romagnolo (M) ------ L60,000 L240,000 Gradonata Verde (V) L40,000 L50,000 L 90,000 (All prices in Italian Lire)

Canadian GP, June 12 1994 Gilles Villeneuve Track, Tel Canada (1) 514-392-0000 Tickets 3 days Sunday only ------------------------------------ Gold $240 $210 Silver $200 $175 Bronze $105 $80 General Admission $50 (no seating)

British GP, July 10th 1994 Booking Office, Freepost, Silverstone Circuits Ltd, Silverstone, Towcester, Northants, NN12 8TN. Tel Great Britain (44) 327 857273, Fax Great Britain (44) 327 857663 Friday Saturday Sunday General Admission (adult) GBP 14 GBP 19 GBP 52 General Admission (child) GBP 4 GBP 4 GBP 7 Grandstand transfer free GBP 17 ------- Transfer to centre of circuit (adult) GBP 10 GBP 13 GBP 17 Transfer to centre of circuit (child) GBP 3 GBP 3 GBP 17 Gen Adm + Family Grandstand (adult or child) ------ GBP 21 GBP 62 Gen Adm + Normal Grandstand (adult or child) ------ ------ GBP 110 (All prices in pounds sterling. Add between 5 and 10% after April 30th)

14-7 Origins of the names of teams and Manufacturers ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ MARCH - an acronym formed from the names of the founders: Max mosely, Alan Rees, graham Coaker and robin Herd TIGA - an acronym from founders TIm schenken and howden GAnley

14-8 What are the origins of F1 chassis numbers ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Lotus cars have each have a type number. These are also allocated to projects from outside F1. This means that there can be gaps between successive F1 models (eg 102, 107 and 109). The 108 is the carbon fibre bicycle which Chris Boardman used in the 1992 Olympics.

The derivation of the McLaren numbers like MP4/9 is from McLaren Project 4, model 9 where Project 4 is the name of a company. This means that there will not be a McLaren MP5.

Ferrari seems to change their numbering scheme every couple of years. All the F1 cars have internal project numbers like 639, 641 etc. The latest 412T1 number signifies a car with a 4 valve per cylinder, 12 cylinder engine.

14-9 How are F1 race numbers allocated ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Before 1973, F1 drivers raced with different numbers at each race. Teams in the world championship had to submit their entries to each individual race organisation and were then given their race numbers by the organiser. Number 1 (#1) was used by either the defending champion of that race, the world champion, the first team to submit their race application, or the favourite of the organisers.

By mid-1973, FOCA (the Formula One Contructors Association) united the teams who now entered the races with one joint application. FOCA now took over the assignment of race numbers. At first, each team was given a random number, which it kept until the end of the year. The numbers were given to the team, but not drivers, so Stewart drove as both #5 and #6 in the latter half of 1973.

In 1974, the modern system took hold. At the start of the 1974 season, the teams were given the numbers according to the final positions in the 1973 Constructors Championship. Hence Lotus got 1 & 2, Tyrrell got 3 & 4, McLaren 5 & 6, Brabham 7 & 8 etc. If a team had more than two cars, the extra car was given a high number like 33. An exception was BRM, which had three consecutive numbers.

These numbers are only changed when a new driver wins the the Driver's World Championship. In this case, champion and his teammate are given 1&2, while the previous champion gets the old number of the new champion. If a driver changes teams after winning the Championship, he takes the #1 to his new team.

For example in 1977, Ferrari (#11 & 12) won, but Lauda moved to Brabham. So in 1978, Brabham raced as 1 & 2, McLaren (champions in 1976, who held #1 & 2 in 1977) got 7 & 8 (Brabham's 1977 numbers), while Ferrari kept the 11 & 12. Tyrrell have kept numbers 3 & 4 for 20 years because they had not won the championship since 1973.

Before Nigel's Mansell's retirement, some non-champions did drive as #1. Ronnie Peterson got the #1 in 1974 because this was the first year. In 1985, Watson drove #1 because he was Lauda's replacement. However, after Mansell's retirement & possible unretirement, which made the numbering system unclear, #1 was declared being 'personal' and only for the world champion, so Damon Hill got #0 for 1993 in the Williams.

The numbers have been personalised for the past few years. Hence when FIA gave out a number, it is both for the team and the specific driver. Nowadays the numbers are given alphabetically, with the driver whose last name is first in the alphabet receives the lowest number. Of course, you can always request a change.

Occasionally, if a team expires, a team with a high number will move to occupy the old team's numbers. When Renault left F1, March took over the 15 & 16 slot. Same rule applies to Brabham, but in this case it was unusual involving a three teams switch: Larrouse > Benetton > McLaren > Brabham. This had never happened before.

Careful study of the race numbers shows some of the relationships between the teams. Take 19, 20 & 21. These were the old Williams numbers in the 70s. When Walter Wolf took over, Team Wolf got #20, while Williams, who re-started his new race team, got a new number of #27. By 1980 when Wolf had merged with Fittipaldi, Fittipaldi got rid of its old #s and got 20 & 21.

Some numbers have special significance for some of the fans and drivers. Thirteen is considered to be an unlucky number and is missing from the F1 lineup. Gilles Villeneuve raced as #27 during his finest years which makes it a special number for Ferrari fans. Nigel Mansell drove as "Red Five" for Williams, although this number has since been taken over by Michael Schumacher's Benetton.

14-10 Why is there no US GP ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Politics and money. The F1 circus expects to have a well developed infra-structure at a racetrack. The FIA also wants to be paid a significant amount of money to hold a race. At the moment, there are no circuits in the US which have the necessary pit garages, press facilities and hotel accommodation which think that they would be able to run a F1 race at a profit. Whether this is because of the unreasonable demands of the F1 establishment is open to question. After a few years without a US GP, F1 may have lost the sponsors who would have been most interested in a race in the US.


Name | English pronunciation ------------------------+-------------------------------------------------- Derek Warwick | der-rick worr-ick (worr-ick rhymes with the end of | "historic") Johnny Herbert | JON-ee-ur-BUT (Johnny is from Essex where people | tend to ignore consonants in the middle of words | and just use vowels [a,e,i,o and u] instead) Eddie Irvine | ED-yur-vine (vine rhymes with wine) David Coulthard | day-vid cool-tard | Mark Blundell | mark blun-DELL Martin Brundle | mar-TIN brun-dle | Bernie Ecclestone | BER-nee ECK-ul-stn Max Mosely | Maks Moe zlee (Moe rhymes with toe) | Sterling Marlin | STUH-lun MAAAH-lun Stirling Moss | stir-ling moss | McLaren | muck LAR un Williams | will-yums | Reynard | ray-nard (French word. English company. English | pronunciation). | Jaguar | Jag-wahrrr (American) or Jag-uw-ah (British) | Jyrki Jarvilehto (the a | yir-kee yar-vee-leh-toh (or jay-jay leh-toh) has an umlaut-two dots) | Mika Salo | Mee-ka Sa-low (low as in blow)

15-1 Pronouncing Germanic names ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Pronunciation of "ch" in German: This is a soft gutteral sound. Take the "ch" from "which", remove the "t" part from that sound - and voila!

Michael Schumacher | Mi-cha-el ("i" as in "in", "ch" as in Michelle "a" as | in "part", "el" sounds like "ale") Shoe-mach-er | (gutteral "ch") Heinz-Harald Frentzen | High-nts Hah-rahld Frren-tsen Karl Wendlinger | Kahl Ven-dling-ah Gerhard Berger | Gair-hard Bair-gair Roland Ratzenberger | Ro-land Rah-tsen-bair-gair Jos Verstappen | yohs fair-shtopp-en (The 'a' sounds more like 'o' | in Dutch) | Sauber Mercedes | zow-ber mer-tze-des

15-2 Pronouncing Japanese names (Ron O'Dell): ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ In Japanese, the family name is spoken first followed by the personal name. The most important thing to remember, though, is that there is no stress in Japanese, and that each letter -- ma, tsu, shi, ta -- must get the same amount of time. (Otherwise you run into problems, like calling your aunt (obasan) an old woman (obaasan).)

Hiro Matsushita | mahtsoo-shtah (very faint "oo") he-row

[An aside from Troy Davis: Hiro is the grandson of the industrialist that started Matsushita Industries. Their products, when not OEM'd, are marked as mah-tsoo-shee-tah worldwide. When he started in ICs, Hiro tried to explain to people that the pronunciation used to market the products was different that what they actually called themselves in the family, and that his name should be pronounced mah-tsoo-shtah. Panasonic asked him to tell the press that no, it should be pronounced mah-tsoo-shee-tah. Hiro then told Paul Page to pronounce it however he liked to. Personally, I like Derek Daly's version: mah-<spit all over Bobby Unser>-ta.]

| Ukyo Katayama | kah-tah-yah-mah oo-kyohh | Aguri Suzuki | sooz-kee ahg-ree | Nissan | Kneess-ahn (American). Niss-ann (British). | Kneessss-ahn (Japanese).

15-3 Pronouncing French and Canadian names: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Gilles Villeneuve | jil (with a soft j sound) vil-neuv (where vil | sounds like kill and neuv sounds like curve without | the 'r'). Jacques Villeneuve | Jacques is either "jawk" (hawk) or "jak" (yak). Both | have a soft j sound. JV, brother of GV, uses "jawk". | JV, son of GV, uses the European "jak" pronunciation | He also has told the American media that his name is | pronounced vil-nev bordering on vil-neph and not the | Francocorrect form we grew up on. Alain Prost | a-lan p-roast Jean Alesi | jon (with a soft j sound) a-lay-zEE | Renault | ren-oh (ren as in siren, oh rhymes with blow) Peugeot | pooh-szjoh (szjoh has a very soft "j", and rhymes | with show) | Magny-Cours | man-nyee cor Le Mans | le mon Spa-Francorchamps | spa-fron-cor-shom (fron rhymes with from) Grand Prix | gron pree

15-4 Pronouncing Portugeuse and Brazilian names ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The common "street" pronunciation for Brazilian names may be different to the "formal" pronunciation.

Ayrton Senna | Ah-EER-tone senn-a (EE sounds like "i" from "in") Mauricio Gugelmin | Mow-RI-see-oh Goo-gel-min ( The see-oh sounds very | close to "see-you" as the final "o" tends to sounds | like "ouh". The RI is a soft "r" like in "risk") Rubens Barrichello | roo-bens Bah-he-KEH-loh (Bah-he is a hard sound which | is made with the tongue and not from the throat) |[Although Barrichello is an "Italian" name, it is | pronounced differently in "street" Brazilian].


16-1 The race finished hours ago. Where are all the results ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ There are sometimes delays propagating articles around the Net, particularly at weekends, when systems may fail when there is no system administrator on hand. Please don't post articles which just say "I haven't seen anything about this race yet". The delays may be a very local problem and your message will get sent all the way around the world, at considerable expense.

16-2 Where are, & ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ These newsgroups were created in March 1994. If they have not appeared where you read, contact the administrator of your system. Some sys admins do not enable automatic news group creation, but vet each new group individually. Currently, all the posts to are cross posted to, but this may stop in the future.

16-3 How many people read the hierarchy ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This is taken from the USENET readership report for May 94. Explanations of the figures are posted to news.lists. Briefly, someone is listed as reading a newsgroup if they are subscribed to it.

+-- Ranking in order of most popular newsgroups | +-- Estimated total number of people who read the group, worldwide. | | +-- Actual number of readers in sampled population | | | +-- Propagation: how many sites receive this group at all | | | | +-- Recent traffic (messages per month) | | | | | +-- Recent traffic (megabytes per month) | | | | | | +-- Crossposting percentage | | | | | | | +-- Cost ratio: $US/month/reader | | | | | | | | +-- Share: % of newsreaders | | | | | | | | | who read this group. V V V V V V V V V 154 130000 1108 76% 3141 4.3 15% 0.03 2.2% 265 110000 886 76% 4899 8.3 2% 0.08 1.8% 313 100000 835 74% 1556 2.0 28% 0.02 1.7% 489 83000 689 59% 661 0.4 60% 0.00 1.4% 1332 43000 360 54% 2907 4.7 12% 0.08 0.7% 1686 33000 276 51% 361 0.9 5% 0.02 0.5% 2067 25000 207 39% 190 1.1 1% 0.02 0.4% 2293 20000 170 39% 154 0.2 2% 0.01 0.3% 2312 20000 168 38% 1058 1.7 2% 0.05 0.3% 2991 8100 67 27% 13 0.0 0% 0.00 0.1%

16-4 Where can I get the latest race results and championship tables ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Many race results are posted to, which is archived at [198-133.164.1] in /archive/rasi.*

16-5 Why not split into r.a.s.f1, r.a.s.indycar & r.a.s.drag? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ At first glance, this may seem like a great idea. However, it is not quite so simple. There are some subjects which are very easy to put in the correct groups. Then there are the others. Where would you discuss Michael Andretti's fortunes over the last couple of years ? Refuelling returns to F1. Is there anything to be learnt from refuelling IndyCars ? Someone crashes on an IndyCar oval. Why don't they use gravel traps like in F1 ? Which is the better series: F1 or IndyCars ? These are all subjects which are not easy to pigeon hole.

Cross-posting to r.a.s.f1 and r.a.s.indycar might help in some of these cases, but what are the chances that the thread will still be cross-posted long after the discussion has drifted onto a new topic ?

In theory, once you have read an cross-posted article in one newsgroup, you won't see that article in any other newsgroups. In practice this does not always work, and you may get to read everything twice.

Much of the discussion of NASCAR in the hierarchy can be clearly separated from the rest. Few drivers swap between stockcars and single-seaters like F1 and IndyCars and the cars have few features in common.

Some subjects like drag racing or rallying can be clearly defined but are not discussed often enough to justify a newsgroup on their own. Start some discussion !

If you still want to split the group, news.announce.newusers has guidelines on how to procede. Please take the discussion to news.groups ASAP.

16-6 Why and not ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ A long long time ago (in the mid 80s), on a usenet far far away, there were two newsgroups about cars:, and Discussions about motorsports tended to disappear in the noise (and there was every bit as much noise in then as there is now.) A number of residents who wanted more discussion of a sporting nature briefly discussed getting a group created, but instead we settled for a mailing list. The auto-sports mailing list was run from a Vax at GE R&D for about two years, administered by me (Richard Welty.) It eventually became so popular that it killed itself, having impacted the GE R&D long distance bills enough that the corporate bean counters noticed it and ordered it stopped (GE did not have a good quality Internet link at the time.)

Fortunately, the auto-sports mailing list was also successful enough that I convinced myself that it was worth trying to run a vote for a new Usenet newsgroup. The only major issue to decide was the name. After extended discussion, we settled on, as most of us had come together via in the first place. Other strong candidates were and (on reflection a placement in might have been a better idea, but that's all old news articles in the bitbucket now.)

One thing that was felt very strongly at the time was that in light of the interminable arguments on what constituted a "sports car" that regularly consumed, we felt that was for sporting discussions. We could see no way in which a meaningful, useful discussion could be held on whether a Chevy Camaro was any more or less a sports car than a Bugeye Sprite. I think that this holds true today. should continue to be for sporting discussions.

16-7 What do these abbreviations mean ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ GOB NASCAR racers and fans (from Good Ol' Boys) Pick6 Competitions where you use your skill and judgement to predict the results of races.

BGN Busch Grand National (feeder series for NASCAR) BTCC British Touring Car Championship CART Championship Auto Racing Teams (Run PPG IndyCar series) DTM Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft (German FIA Class I Touring Cars) FIA Federation Internationale Automobile IMSA International Motor Sports Association NASCAR North American Stock CAr Racing. NHRA National HotRod Association (Drag Racing governing body) PPG Pittsburgh Plate Glass USAC United States Auto Club (Organisers of Indy 500) WRC World Rally Championship

ABS Anti-Blockieren System (anti-lock brakes) BHP Brake Horse Power ci,cc Cubic Inch, Cubic Centimetre (1ci = 16-39cc) ESPN ??? Sports ??? Network BBC British Broadcasting Corporation CBC Canadian Broadcasting Corporation TNN The Nashville Network FWEP Front Wing End Plate PS Pferde Starke ??? PIR (Portland or Phoenix) International Raceway NACA National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (as in NACA duct) DNF Did Not Finish DNS Did Not Start DNQ Did Not Qualify DNPQ Did Not Pre-Qualify

FAQ Frequently Asked Question BTW By The Way IMHO In My (Honest or Humble) Opinion AFAICR As Far As I Can Remember AFAIK As Far As I Know IMHO In My {Humble,Honest} Opinion IYSWIM If You See What I Mean RTFM Read The Fine Manual SWALK Sent With A Loving Kiss TLA Three Letter Acronym 17 MISCELLANEOUS QUESTIONS

17-1 How do I Join the Pick6 competitions ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ These competitions, where you use your skill and judgement to predict the results of races, are being run for F1 and NASCAR series. An IndyCar competition is being prepared. You can join the competition in the middle of a season, you are unlikely to win the championship. The rules for these competitions are too complicated to describe here. However, the both the F1 Pick6 and GOBPick6 rules are posted frequently. Alternatively, you can get them by anonymous ftp to (138-38.24.19) as file /pub/ You can submit picks for F1 Pick6 directly from the World Wide Web, from the URL

17-2 Which are faster: Racing cars or racing motorbikes ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ At the average road course, F1 bikes (500 cc) are just a little slower in overall lap times that Formula _three_ cars. F1 cars are _much_ faster than bikes! For example, at Donington Park last year, the F1 bike pole was about 1:34 (min:sec); the F3 pole was about 1:30, and the F1 cars were under that _in the wet_.

F1 and IndyCars can generate very high downforce which means that they can go round high speed corners very quickly. GP motorbikes have good acceleration, but are much slower at cornering and braking because they have a lot less downforce. One of the main reasons for this is the rule which stops them from having bodywork which extends behind the rear wheel.

Road legal superbikes are much closer in performance to the Grand Prix machines than a Ferrari F40 is to a Formula 1 Ferrari. A magazine tested a stock Yamaha FZR1000 against a the Chevrolet Corvette ZR-1 with slick tyres and the bike posted a better time by around a second. Thus, a CBR900RR might be closer to the Ferrari F1 car than the F-40 is.

Similarly, another magazine reported that Mick Doohan tested a RVF750 superbike (essentially the $25,000 RC-45/RVF750 you and I could buy + the three race kits costing $30,000 + a good trackside tuning) and ran times 5 tenths of a second slower than times he set using the RVF750 F1 bike he ran the Suzuka 8hrs with. During the 8hrs he posted times a scant 2 seconds off the 500cc GP outright lap record. $55,000 for a bike that can run 2-5 seconds of a 500cc pace is quite astonishing.

17-3 Which are faster: F1 or IndyCars ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This very much depends on the racetrack and the race distance. For a qualifying lap on a road course or short oval, an F1 car would be much quicker. However F1 cars are designed to race for 190 miles and are not designed to cope with racing conditions found on a superspeedway. Stefan Johansson was the most recent driver to try an F1 car on a superspeedway, in a 1986 McLaren-Porsche. The car was relatively quick even running with a lot of downforce and drag, but probably would have not been able to run for 500 miles without breaking down. F1 engines are usually only run for 400-500 miles between rebuilds and the clutches rarely have to take more than three standing starts per race.

Both F1 and IndyCars have about 750-800 bhp on tap. However, the minimum weight for an F1 car is 1108 lbs. The minimum weight for an IndyCar is 1550 lbs. Generally, F1 cars are more sophisticated and expensive than IndyCars. Carbon fibre brakes used in F1 are less likely to fade and are much lighter than the steel brakes used in IndyCars. However they are also much more expensive.

Although semi-automatic gearboxes are banned in IndyCars, some say that after the initial development cost, they actually save money for F1 teams by reducing the amount of engine damage when drivers miss downshifts with a manual gearchange.

F1 cars have to have a flat-bottomed chassis which means that an IndyCar, which is allowed ground effect tunnels, can generate a lot of downforce for a given amount of drag.

0-100: 4s 0-150: 7s 215-0: 4s Speeds are in miles per hour.

17-4 Can a car decelerate faster than 1G ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Yes - F1 cars can pull 4-5G under braking with the help of high downforce, sticky tyres and carbon fibre brakes. Aerodynamic downforce can double the effective weight of an F1 car at speed. Sticky tyres don't slide smoothly but in a series of many small deformations. These can give very high coefficients of friction (much greater than 1). A less significant factor is the aerodynamic drag caused by the large wings. The Cd figure of an F1 car can be very high and is even higher when a car spins.

17-5 Who helped make this FAQ ? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Al Griffy Alan F. Perry Andrew Henry Anupam Razdan Bob Kehoe Bono Cameron Howie Chris Walton David Koch David Reininger David Ross David Ward Eric Tittley Hans Spiller J. B. van der Meer Jay Carina Joao Alcino de Andrade Martins John Burford Kenji SUEHIRO Kevin J. Coulter Mario Perrazzino Mark A. Breland Mark H. Black Mark Williams Martin Coombes Matthias Blume Max Behara Michael Andrew Holthouse Michael Regoli Pat Campbell Pat Hayes Paul S Winalski Pete Fanning Philippe Baque Richard Querin Richard Welty Robert J Unglenieks Roberto Barros Ron O'Dell Santiago Oleas Smitherman Stefan ??? stefansk@sjuvm.bitnet Steve Thompson Tancredo Vasconcellos-Neto Terry Matula tlm1@Ra.MsState.Edu Timo Pelkonen Toby Vaughn Padfield Tom Haapanen Tom Stangler Troy Davis Vincent B Ho ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ The FAQ

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Series General
Drivers Eddie Irvine , Jos Verstappen , Johnny Herbert , Michael Schumacher , Heinz-Harald Frentzen , Rubens Barrichello , Jean Alesi , David Coulthard , Karl Wendlinger , Sterling Marlin , Michael Andretti , Gerhard Berger , Mika Salo , Mauricio Gugelmin , Nigel Mansell , Mark Blundell , Martin Brundle , Bobby Unser , Niki Lauda , Alain Prost , Ayrton Senna , Damon Hill , Gilles Villeneuve , Ukyo Katayama , Derek Daly , Stirling Moss , Aguri Suzuki , Mick Doohan , Derek Warwick , Roland Ratzenberger , Ronnie Peterson , Mark Williams , Bernie Ecclestone , Michael An
Teams Sauber , Williams
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