Giorgio Piola's F1 technical analysis

Tech gallery: All the updates from the Chinese GP

Mercedes W08 front brake and wheel hub detail

Mercedes W08 front brake and wheel hub detail
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A look at Mercedes’ front brake duct without the drum exposes the detail surrounding the various pathways that the airflow takes to cool the disc, caliper and other ancillary components. The disc still features the scalloped design (red arrow) introduced during 2016 for weight reduction and cooling benefits, while an increase to 32mm discs allowed by the 2017 regulations also allows six drill holes in the disc's face for cooling (inset).

Photo by: Sutton Images

Mercedes W08 front detail

Mercedes W08 front detail
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Mercedes has continued with the trend of removing a large section of the chassis to improve packaging of the brake cylinders and suspension.

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Mercedes W08 front detail

Mercedes W08 front detail
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The internal structure of the W08’s splitter is exposed in this shot. Of note is how the thin metal stay is bent over as the team prepares the car for action.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Mercedes W08 disc brake detail

Mercedes W08 disc brake detail
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The rear brake assembly on the W08, like the front, features numerous pipes that are used to cool the brakes, be it discs, calipers or other ancillary components. You’ll note that the outer of the two pipes used to cool the caliper features heat paint, as the team is mindful of how heat generated within the brake assembly can be soaked into the wheel rim, affecting tyre temperature and pressures.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Mercedes W08 front suspension and brake duct detail

Mercedes W08 front suspension and brake duct detail
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Note the ‘horn’ used to displace the upper wishbone from the upright, while numerous fins are attached the brake duct fence in order to work the airflow and not only improve downforce but also condition the wake shed by the tyre to reduce drag.

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Ferrari SF70H front brake detail

Ferrari SF70H front brake detail
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This shot of the SF70H’s front brake assembly shows us that the Scuderia has opted for a brake disc comprising of four drill holes across the disc's face for China. This suggests that temperatures are not a limiting factor, considering there exists an option with up to six smaller drill holes.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Ferrari SF70H brake duct detail

Ferrari SF70H brake duct detail
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A shot of the brake duct's outer fence shows the level of aerodynamic detail that is present, with numerous fins used to control the airflow's destiny.

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Ferrari SF70H front brake duct detail

Ferrari SF70H front brake duct detail
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An extreme close-up of the brake duct inlet shows the wire catchment that has been added for 2017, as the Scuderia looks to limit the chances of any debris being collected and impinging on performance.

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Ferrari SF70H front brake detail

Ferrari SF70H front brake detail
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The rear brake discs on the SF70H only feature three drill holes across their face but retain the full 32mm width that is allowed in 2017. The rear inlet features wire catchment, just like at the front, in order to limit the collection of debris while out on track.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Ferrari SF70H front detail

Ferrari SF70H front detail
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One of Ferrari’s engineers works on the setup at the front of the car as it’s prepared for action. Note the large third heave element located between the rocker arms, which, as is en vogue at the moment, sit high up in the chassis.

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Ferrari SF70H chassis detail

Ferrari SF70H chassis detail
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Detail of the outlet for the ‘S’ duct shows how much thought has gone into making uninterrupted surfaces in order to keep the movement of airflow smooth as it moves downstream.

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Ferrari SF70H sidepod detail

Ferrari SF70H sidepod detail
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Here's an extreme close-up of the winglet astride the floor's axehead and how it’s connected to the sidepod airflow conditioner above.

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Ferrari SF70H bodywork detail

Ferrari SF70H bodywork detail
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This is the surround for the radiators housed within the SF70H’s sidepods. Numerous fins redirect air as it circulates within the sidepod in order to improve efficiency and performance.

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Ferrari SF70H floor detail

Ferrari SF70H floor detail
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The SF70H’s floor features a raised lip (arrowed), covering the conduit that was present during testing and is thought to house cooling for the oil system.

Photo by: LAT Images

Red Bull Racing RB13 front wheel hub detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 front wheel hub detail
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Airflow taken in by the inlets is used to cool the discs, calipers and provide further aerodynamic effects. In the case of Red Bull, air drawn in by the main inlet serves numerous purposes, including supply of air to the blown axle and crossover pipework - which ejects air out of the wheel face (arrowed). Red Bull places its caliper at the bottom of the arrangement, unlike most of the field, for which a separate duct supplies cooled air to it. You’ll also note the team uses five larger drill holes to cool the brake discs at the front of the car.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Red Bull Racing RB13 front suspension detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 front suspension detail
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A fantastic shot of the RB13 without the nose shows us how the brake cylinders, steering assembly, driver cooling and ‘S’ duct are all very neatly packaged.

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Red Bull Racing RB13 rear wing detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 rear wing detail
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Note the open-ended style endplate louvres, which can now be found on numerous cars up and down the grid.

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Red Bull Racing RB13 front wing detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 front wing detail
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The RB13’s front wing is a little less complex than some of the team's closest competitors - but is elegant nonetheless. Note how the inner flap tips are upturned, something that we only see featured on the Red Bull thus far.

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Red Bull Racing RB13 front detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 front detail
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Front suspension packaging has become quite critical over the last few years, and here we can see just how high Red Bull has opted to package its rocker arms. Note also that the team is using belleville springs as part of the heave element, something it's been doing for a number of years now.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Red Bull Racing RB13 nose detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 nose detail
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A detailed shot of the 'S'-duct's outlet.

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Red Bull Racing RB13 sidepod detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 sidepod detail
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This shot of the RB13's turning vanes and bargeboards displays the elegant complexity of the area, especially if compared to some of the team's rivals.

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Red Bull Racing RB13 rear detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 rear detail
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A look at the slots used in the floor ahead of the rear tyre used to combat the effects of tyre squirt - when the deformation of the tyre disturbs the diffuser.

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Red Bull Racing RB13 rear wheel detail

Red Bull Racing RB13 rear wheel detail
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The pipework used to cool the rear brake components has been treated with heat paint on the RB13. This is to control how the heat being generated interacts with the wheel rim and, in doing so, changes the behaviour of the tyre.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Force India VJM10 front wing detail

Force India VJM10 front wing detail
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Force India has revised its front wing layout for 2017, although from a philosophy point of view it is very similar to the one introduced last season. The main change is to the flaps, with a distinctive V-shape now present as the outer flapped section meets with the outer area that’s designated to deal with shaping the airflow that hits the front tyre.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Force India VJM10 nose detail

Force India VJM10 nose detail
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Force India’s 2017 nose design is a more aggressive version of the ‘cobra’ solution it has been running for the last two seasons. It allows more air to pass either side of the central thumb style protrusion.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Force India VJM10 front wheel detail

Force India VJM10 front wheel detail
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A look at the VJM10’s front brake assembly without the drum fitted exposes numerous details on how airflow is used to both cool the brake components and improve airflow around the front wheel, with the team utilising both a crossover pipe and blown axle.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Force India VJM10 steering wheel detail

Force India VJM10 steering wheel detail
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The clutch paddles on the VJM10’s steering wheel have been modified for 2017 in order to give the driver a reference point with which to work from. The shape of the paddles will give the drivers more feel as they look to engage the clutch at the start of the race or when leaving their pit box.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Force India VJM10 front detail

Force India VJM10 front detail
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Force India has followed the lead of teams such as Mercedes, Red Bull and Ferrari in cutting away a large portion of the chassis to enable better packaging of the suspension. You’ll note the large ‘heave’ element that now occupies the space between the suspension rockers that wouldn’t be possible without the section cut away.

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Williams FW40 nose detail

Williams FW40 nose detail
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With Williams using an 'S' duct in 2017, here is a shot of the exit and the aerodynamically-designed bodywork that surrounds the pitot tube behind.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Williams FW40 bodywork detail

Williams FW40 bodywork detail
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This inside shot of the the FW40’s engine cover reveals the cooling apertures that reside either side of the shark fins spine.

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McLaren MCL32 rear wing detail

McLaren MCL32 rear wing detail
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McLaren’s new T-Wing combines designs already seen from Mercedes and Williams. The upper element is contributing to the overall downforce of the car, while the lower section is more for support and limiting the overall effect the winglet has on the rear wing.

Photo by: Sutton Images

McLaren MCL32 rear wing detail

McLaren MCL32 rear wing detail
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Another look at the MCL32 rear wing and T-wing.

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McLaren MCL32 steering wheel detail

McLaren MCL32 steering wheel detail
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This is the steering wheel employed by Fernando Alonso and Stoffel Vandoorne. Note ote the level of detail that has gone into the clutch paddles in order to give the drivers the feel required to get a good start on the grid.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 front brake detail

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 front brake detail
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Toro Rosso is employing six drill holes across the face of the front disc in order to dissipate heat being generated under braking. The holes are inline though, whereas others that run six holes tend to run them in a chevron pattern.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 rear wheel detail

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 rear wheel detail
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Pipework complexity at the rear of the car tends to be a Toro Rosso trait, one that seemingly yields good performance and efficiency. You’ll note that the team has opted for five enlarged drill holes in a chevron pattern in their discs for China.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 brake shroud

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 brake shroud
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These are the brake drums - or ‘cake tins’ as they’re normally known to the teams. Here they’re covered in a heat reflective surface in order to help with heat transfer between the brakes and wheel rims.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 rear wing detail

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 rear wing detail
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In China, STR used a gentle spoon-shaped rear wing for a trade-off of downforce and drag.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Haas F1 Team VF-17 front wing detail

Haas F1 Team VF-17 front wing detail
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The VF17’s front wing was subject to several modifications in Australia, among them a more curvaceous mainplane and elongated endplate canard.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Haas F1 Team VF-17 front brake detail

Haas F1 Team VF-17 front brake detail
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There is a certain commonality with Haas components and Ferrari, owing to their supply deal. But it is worth noting that the American team will make different set-up choices from circuit to circuit. In China, Haas used a six drill hole disc in a chevron pattern, the maximum cooling package available to the teams from their supplier.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Haas F1 Team VF-17 rear wheel detail

Haas F1 Team VF-17 rear wheel detail
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At the rear of the car, the VF17 is utilising a similar debris defence system as Ferrari, with numerous horizontal wires strewn across the inlet, while the team has opted to use a five drill hole disc configuration.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Renault Sport F1 Team RS17 front detail

Renault Sport F1 Team RS17 front detail
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This shot without the nose on the RS17 shows the packaging of the suspension, which has been revised for 2017 inline with what some of the lead teams have been doing. Note the high position of the suspension rockers and the ‘heave’ element mounted between them.

Photo by: Sutton Images

Renault Sport F1 Team RS17 rear wheel detail

Renault Sport F1 Team RS17 rear wheel detail
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Renault has opted for a larger four drill hole arrangement in its rear brake, looking to dissipate the heat generated under braking.

Photo by: Sutton Images
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About this article
Series Formula 1
Event Chinese GP
Track Shanghai International Circuit
Article type Top List
Topic Giorgio Piola's F1 technical analysis