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How the halo has opened up new aero possibilities

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How the halo has opened up new aero possibilities
By:
Co-author: Giorgio Piola
Mar 5, 2018, 5:14 PM

For Formula 1 teams, the halo might be a structural challenge first and foremost - but the introduction of the safety device has also opened up new areas for aero development.

As part of the rule package that has come with the mandatory use of the cockpit protection system, teams are given some scope to add small aerodynamic devices to the halo, something we've already seen them do in testing.

F1 designers are allowed to create surfaces up to 20mm from the main titanium structure, as long as it doesn't fall within the 'helmet template' where they could be hit by the driver in the event of a crash.

Such an opening in the rule has led to some divergent thinking as teams bid to make use of the dramatic changes in airflow structure over the car.

McLaren MCL32 Halo cockpit
McLaren MCL32 Halo cockpit

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Following the post-season Abu Dhabi test last year, it became clear that rather than limiting themselves to bodywork that would streamline the internal structure, teams would create more complex 'winged' fairings for the halo.

McLaren sported a triple-element boomerang atop its halo during the test as a trial for its 2018 design. Each of these elements terminates on the side of the halo and will undoubtedly give off a very specific aerodynamic effect to improve the flow downstream.

Esteban Ocon, Sahara Force India VJM11
Esteban Ocon, Sahara Force India VJM11

Photo by: Sutton Images

It's subtly different in its approach, but Force India has also trialled a triple-element boomerang-style winglet atop the VJM11, as it looks to improve the airflow's trajectory toward the airbox and rear wing.

Toro Rosso STR13 halo fin
Toro Rosso STR13 halo fin

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Toro Rosso also gave us a preview of its aerodynamic fairing at the test in Abu Dhabi, utilising just a single boomerang winglet atop the halo.

However, during the recent Barcelona test it upped its game, as another winglet could be found mounted beneath the widow's peak. This was still outside the 'helmet template' but clearly not in a position that was intended for the fairing.

Toro Rosso STR13, detail
Toro Rosso STR13, detail

Photo by: Mark Sutton

Toro Rosso has a rather elegant solution when it comes to the rear mounting points too, as the bodywork tapers off and is paired with another winglet to improve flow downstream.

Romain Grosjean, Haas F1 Team VF-18
Romain Grosjean, Haas F1 Team VF-18

Photo by: Mark Sutton

Whilst most teams have arrived at the conclusion that hooped winglets are the way to go, it would appear that Haas has other ideas, as atop the VF18's halo we find a row of small vortex generators.

A similar configuration was present at the post season-test and it has been built upon - with a row of vortex generators affixed to the side of the widow's peak.

It's also worth noting that Haas has opted to deploy a serrated windscreen too, much like the one used by Nico Rosberg, and latterly Mercedes in general, over the last few years.

The aim of this will be to help alter the airflow's interaction with the driver's helmet, which has been impacted by the introduction of the halo.

It's not only the fairing that's being used to alter the airflow around the halo though, with several teams creating further aerodynamic furniture.

Sergey Sirotkin, Williams FW41
Sergey Sirotkin, Williams FW41

Photo by: Mark Sutton

Both Williams and Renault have employed the use of winglets on the edge of the chassis (red arrow), altering the airflow on the edge of the cockpit as it meets the halo's rearward connecting point.
Nico Hulkenberg, Renault Sport F1 Team RS18
Nico Hulkenberg, Renault Sport F1 Team RS18

Photo by: Mark Sutton

Renault also trialled another winglet on the fourth day of the test, located just below the airbox (white arrow) which helps to control the airflow that's spilled from the driver's helmet, improving flow into the airbox inlet.

A handful of teams are yet to show their hand when it comes to an aerodynamic fairing, with Ferrari and Sauber also opting for just a single boomerang atop their halo at this stage.

However, it's expected that Mercedes, Red Bull and Renault will present their solutions in the forthcoming test in order that they are ready for the first race in Australia.

 
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Series Formula 1
Author Matt Somerfield